Arts and crafts from West Asia are mostly Islamic art. It covers a wide range of forms and styles, reflecting the large geographical area and a wide variety of cultures influenced by the Islam religion.
The distinct style of Islamic art uses intricate geometry and floral as designs and patterns. This is because the Islamic religious law forbids Idolatry or Worship of Idols. Artists felt that using figures of animals and people would be considered idolatry instead of honoring Allah. A pattern commonly used by Islamic artists is called "arabesque." Arabesque uses intricate patterns of leaves and flowers. These patterns are common in wooden carvings, stone reliefs on buildings, textiles, and decorated books.
Islamic artists also used geometric patterns called "tessellation" and "calligraphy" in their designs.
Ceramics was a major form of Islamic art. They created beautiful pieces of pottery, often glazed. Some artists were influenced by Chinese porcelain, while others created their unique ways of glazing pottery. Glazing in pottery is the fusion of substance to the body of the ceramic using fire.
Islamic artists also created great pieces of art using ceramic tiles. These tiles would sometimes be used to cover walls or the entire outside of religious buildings with bright patterns and designs.
Probably the most famous and recognizable of Western Asia arts and crafts. These carpets often used colorful repeating geometric designs or arabesque patterns.
Islamic Artists incorporated the same arabesque and geometric patterns used in other forms of Islamic art. Carvings were often made using wood, but could also be made from ivory, stone, or plaster. They were used to decorate important buildings, like mosques, including the ceiling, doors, and wall panels. Stands for the Islamic holy book, the Quran, were often pieces of art carved from wood.
The most popular paintings of Islamic art were the "miniature painting." These paintings were small and were used in books called "illuminated manuscripts." These paintings often contained pictures of animals and people. This was because they were illustrations for story books.
Most Western Asia art use Calligraphic designs as patterns to objects and architecture. Mostly, the writing would be a religious verse from the Quran. Calligraphy is usually combined with geometric and arabesque patterns.
Related Topic - Countries in West Asia
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In Kabuki of Japan, a term for male role is Aragoto while in female is Onna-gata.