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A concerto is a single instrument or group of instruments that features dialogue or story played out between them and the rest of the orchestra; sonata means "song", most often a theme is presented; while symphony means "sounding together" and has three or four movements, which could stand on their own.
A concerto is a work for a soloist backed by an ensemble like a symphony orchestra or string quartet. Violin and piano are popular solo instruments to write for, and therefore to learn. Choir concertos are known as cantatas, when the words are dramatic like in a play is an opera. It is a musical arrangement usually composed of three parts – in which one solo instrument (for instance, a piano, violin, cello or flute) is accompanied by an orchestra or concert band.
Learn more about Concerto:Symphony
A symphony is a large work, commonly four movements long. A series of any movements for any instrument is called a suite.
A symphony is a musical composition that originated in Western classical music, most often written by composers for orchestra. Symphonies are almost always scored for an orchestra consisting of a string section (violin, viola, cello, and double bass), brass, woodwind, and percussion instruments which altogether number about 30 to 100 musicians. Symphonies are typically notated in a musical score, which contains all the instrument parts.
Types of SymphoniesChoral symphony Organ symphony Piano symphony Pocket symphony Symphonies for concert band
Here are the four movements of symphony:Sonata
A sonata is also often four movements, though for any single instrument. Sonatas are solo material aside from shorter individual pieces. By the early 19th century, it came to represent a principle of composing large-scale works. A sonata is usually applied to most instrumental genres and is regarded as one of two fundamental methods of organizing, interpreting and analyzing concert music.
Samples of Sonata in the 20th CenturyGeorge Antheil "Airplane" Sonata Samuel Barber Cello Sonata, Piano Sonata Jean Barraqué Piano Sonata (1950–52) Béla Bartók Piano Sonata, Sonata for Solo Violin
Know how a musical composition is arranged: